When 1972 the United Nations came together in Stockholm to decide on the global environment, there was a total of three states (Norway, Sweden & the United States) which by that time already had established national environmental framework laws. With the so called Conference on the Human Environment countries worldwide became aware of the importance of environmental protection. Especially after the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, countries began to make an effort to establish laws and rights concerning the environment. 25 years later, in 2017, an astonishing number of 176 states had agreed on environmental framework laws. Today, environmental protection is part of the constitution of 150 nations and 164 states have built cabinet-level bodies in charge of environmental protection throughout the last decades. Hundreds of ministries and agencies have been established to work on environmental topics. Our society and politics become more and more aware of the importance of environmental protection. (UN environment, 2019)
While many nations have been struggling to enforce the laws they created, one can see the progress that has happened over the last 50 years.
But what is happening throughout the world is not enough. Estimations say that by the end of the century or even earlier the worlds temperature might surpass a plus of 2 degrees which would have a serious impact not only on the nature, but also on our society. (CNN, 2017)
A proposal made by the Citizen’s Convention on Climate in France has now suggested to turn “ecocide” a matter of criminal offence, making environmental destruction punishable by law. Additionally, the Convention decided on making climate protection part of the preamble and the article I of the constitution. Goal of the Convention was to suggest measures that ensure the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent by 2030 compared to 1990. (France 24, 2020)
While the demands of the Convention still have to be put into action one can clearly see how important environmental protection has become for the world’s citizens.
We need to keep changing our structures in order to fight climate change. And we need to do so together. With this blog we want to share our knowledge on environmental protection and show you how you can be part of this movement. Check our website regularly for new information and follow us on Social Media!